General Advice
on Writing

Writing is a vital way of academia: course reports, thesis, research papers. There are a range of guidelines to improve your writing. 

Intended for: BSc, MSc, PhD


1. Structure: Follow the standard structure for your type of report, so your reader knows where to look for certain information. See: 

High-level story

2. Streamline: A big mistake is that you want to fit too much material into your story, and your reader loses overview and/or interest.

3. Guide: It is your job to guide your reader through your text, tell them where they are in the bigger picture, keep them interested. 

4. Explain: What seems obvious to you is usually not obvious to the reader (you have been working on this topic for a long time). This is a common trap.

Paragraphs & sentences

5. One paragraph, one topic: Write your text in paragraphs, where each paragraph covers a single topic. 

6. Connect: The biggest mistake in writing is that your sentences and paragraphs do not connect. 

7. Keep sentences compact: We tend to write overly long sentences. Often you can cross off many excess words. 


7. Grammar: When English is you non-native language, consider using grammar correction software, such as Grammarly

8. Typesetting: Put effort into your lay-out. If your lay-out is off, your reader will not take your work seriously. 

Figures, Tables, Equations

9. Equations: Equations are crucial to properly explain your method. See Equations for details on writing equations themselves. In the bigger picture:  

10. Captions: Figure and table captions should be self-contained. 


11. Rewrite, restructure, rewrite: Don't write to directly produce a final product, it's impossible.